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Gros cerveau = grosse intelligence ? Oui et non.

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Aujourd'hui je réponds à la question qui anime toutes les discussions de comptoir : est-ce la taille qui compte ? Très certainement quelques méta-analyses nous aideront à y voir plus clair.

Idée de vidéo inspirée par ce billet de blog : http://www.scilogs.fr/ramus-meninges/le-sexe-du-cerveau-bibliographie-et-debats/ (mis à jour avec des données plus récentes).

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Références :

[1] http://www.scilogs.fr/ramus-meninges/le-qi-cest-nimporte-quoi-oui-mais-encore/
[2] Pietschnig, J., Penke, L., Wicherts, J. M., Zeiler, M., & Voracek, M. (2015). Meta-analysis of associations between human brain volume and intelligence differences: How strong are they and what do they mean? Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 57, 411–432. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2015.09.017
[3] Ruigrok, A. N. V., Salimi-Khorshidi, G., Lai, M. C., Baron-Cohen, S., Lombardo, M. V., Tait, R. J., & Suckling, J. (2014). A meta-analysis of sex differences in human brain structure. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 39, 34–50. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2013.12.004
[4] Lenroot, R. K., Gogtay, N., Greenstein, D. K., Wells, E. M., Wallace, G. L., Clasen, L. S., … Giedd, J. N. (2007). Sexual dimorphism of brain developmental trajectories during childhood and adolescence. NeuroImage, 36(4), 1065–1073. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2007.03.053
[5] Dekaban, A. S., & Sadowsky, D. (1978). Changes in brain weight during the span of human life: relation of brain weight to body height and body weight. Ann. Neurol., 4, 345.
[6] Rushton, J. P., & Ankney, C. D. (2009). Whole brain size and general mental ability: A review. International Journal of Neuroscience, 119(5), 692–732. http://doi.org/10.1080/00207450802325843
[7] MacLean, E. L., Hare, B., Nunn, C. L., Addessi, E., Amici, F., Anderson, R. C., … Zhao, Y. (2014). The evolution of self-control. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(20), E2140–E2148. http://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1323533111
[8] Herculano-Houzel, S. (2009). The human brain in numbers: a linearly scaled-up primate brain. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 3(November), 1–11. http://doi.org/10.3389/neuro.09.031.2009
[9] Herculano-Houzel, S. (2012). The remarkable, yet not extraordinary, human brain as a scaled-up primate brain and its associated cost. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109(Supplement_1), 10661–10668. http://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1201895109
[10] Mortensen, H. S., Pakkenberg, B., Dam, M., Dietz, R., Sonne, C., Mikkelsen, B., & Eriksen, N. (2014). Quantitative relationships in delphinid neocortex. Frontiers in Neuroanatomy, 8(November), 1–10. http://doi.org/10.3389/fnana.2014.00132

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